The compost can quickly become an odor nuisance if the wrong decomposition processes take place inside. If you pay attention to some aspects of composting, then you will prevent foul odors.
Processes in Compost
Unpleasant odors indicate that undesirable processes are taking place in the compost. Compost needs a balanced level of moisture and good aeration so that the right bacteria and yeasts break down the organic material. The microorganisms responsible for the decomposition processes need oxygen. In a material that is too wet, in which anaerobic conditions exist, rotting processes take place. When the compost begins to rot, foul odors develop. A properly functioning compost does not smell unpleasant.
Prevention and Control
Take kitchen waste to the compost every day to allow wet biomass to dry. If you store kitchen scraps in a bucket, the liquid will collect at the bottom and promote rotting processes. In addition, fruit flies spread quickly. You should roll up especially wet kitchen waste in the newspaper, which will decompose on the compost. Do not use paper printed in color.
You can eliminate bad odors on the surface with a handful of lime or stone dust. Alternatively, you can add a thin layer of soil or sand to the compost. The substrate will absorb the liquid. If you have a second compost with the mature substrate, you can use this soil to cover the fresh compost.
To stop the formation of ammonia gases during the rotting processes, you should regularly shift the compost or loosen it with a compost fork. This will ensure a good supply of oxygen. Add dry clippings, horn shavings, or rock flour to the compost to support the rotting process.
Compost accelerators are an effective way to aid rotting in compost. An organic accelerator is a mixture of sugar and yeast dissolved in lukewarm water. The yeasts decompose the organic material and provide a strong heat development. Within a short time, temperatures between 140°F and 158°F develop in the compost. During this hot rotting, the decomposition processes take place particularly quickly. Here, too, make sure that the substrate is only as moist as a squeezed-out sponge.